Having critically reflected on the contradictions/anomalies during Stage 4, you should now be in a position to see what change you could introduce which you think is likely to be beneficial. As Bassey (1995:95) advises,
The scale of the change will vary from project to project, but it is worth remembering that what you are working on here is basic, small-scale action research. As the action research process is an iterative, cyclical one, it is always possible to repeat the cycle a number of times, and implement different changes and/or tweak various elements of the research process each time. In brief, don’t feel that you have to make a huge change. In fact, it is often an accumulation of the small changes that we consistently make that can have the biggest impact on performance and/or practice in the long-term.
Suggested further reading:
Bassey, M. (1995) ‘Action research for improving educational practice’. In Halsall, R. (1998) Teacher Research and School Improvement. Buckingham: Open University Press: 94 & 95.
BERA (2011) Ethical Guidelines for Educational Research. [Online] Available from https://www.bera.ac.uk/researchers-resources/publications/ethical-guidelines-for-educational-research-2011 [Accessed 4th February 2015]
Burton, D. and Bartlett, S. (2009) Key Issues for Education Researchers. London: Sage
Hammersley, M. and Traianou, A. (2012) Ethics in Qualitative Research: Controversies and Contexts. London: Sage
Koshy, V. (2005) Action Research for Improving Practice: A Practical Guide. London: Paul Chapman Publishing
Koshy, V. (2009) Action Research for Improving Practice: A Practical Guide. (2nd ed) London: Paul Chapman Publishing
O’Leary, Z. (2013) The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research. (2nd ed) London: Sage
McAteer, M. (2013) Action Research in Education. London: Sage
McNiff, J. and Whitehead, J. (2005) Action Research for Teachers. Oxford: David Fulton.
McNiff, J. (2013) Action Research: Principles and Practice. (3rd ed). Oxon: Routledge
McNiff, J. & Whitehead, J. 2011) All You Need to Know About Action Research. (2nd ed). London: Sage
McNiff, J. (2014) Writing and Doing Action Research. London: Sage
Reason, P. and Bradbury, H. (2001) Handbook of Action Research: Participative Enquiry and Practice. London: Sage
Reason, P. & Bradbury, H. (2013) The SAGE Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice. (2nd ed). London: Sage